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El más racional entre los racionales

Este ensayo tiene como objetivo resaltar el carácter racional del institucionalismo, el cual se sobrepone al también racional neorrealismo. Esta racionalidad, que se presume avanzada, del institucionalismo parte del precepto de las ganancias absolutas sobre las relativas dada la condición económica (reducción de costos) que la cooperación institucionalizada dota a los Estados. De esta manera, este punto remarcará la aparente irracionalidad del neorrealismo en cuanto a sus esfuerzos por excusar la cooperación en nombre de la soberanía.  Para comenzar a definir esto, en primer lugar, se tienen que asentar las bases que dictan el carácter del Estado como sujeto de estudio del Institucionalismo y del Neorrealismo. Para esto se parte de la aseveración sobre un sistema anárquico planamente aceptado por...

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Gun culture as a man-machine relation

The so-called American gun culture traces back to the historical exceptionalism of guns. A myth about the intrinsic and utilitarian relation between the firearm and the individual. This myth has stated that since the colonial era, colonizers, frontiersmen and every other American citizen during the XVII, XVIII and XIX Century had a gun at their disposal. By using the gun as a tool to help build America. The reason for this to be a myth lies in the fact that guns in the aforementioned time period suffered from heavy maintenance dependency, impracticability and high costs of ownership. This resulted in low ownership gun ownership in America up until the second half of the XIX Century. What happens in the late XIX Century is an action from the state-capitalism...

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El colonialismo como factor para la radicalización del yihad

Lo que se trata en este ensayo son las condiciones bajo las cuales movimientos islamistas han optado por la vía radical y violenta pese a ser esta la menos favorecida por preceptos coránicos como en el que la fe no cabe la coacción o la pronunciación de Mahoma sobre la mayor dificultad y beneficio que trae a la comunidad el realizar un yihad mayor.

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Your Students Learn by Doing, Not by Listening

In February, The New York Times reported the impressive results of a new study showing that "diet quality, not quantity" was the key to weight loss. Focusing on eating plenty of vegetables and unprocessed foods was a better strategy than counting calories, according to the JAMA study, in which more than 600 people adopted one of two healthy diets for a year. Near the end of the article, however, was a strange caveat: People in both groups had consumed fewer calories than they normally would have. Suddenly, the article’s claims about quality versus quantity seemed suspect. In reading how the study was conducted, I began to realize: The takeaway here wasn’t about diets; it was about teaching. I sometimes worry that the word teach leads us astray...

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Scholars Talk Writing: Do Book Editors Do Much Editing?

As a former book editor in a previous life, I already know "what editors do." But I learned a lot more from a new collection of essays by 27 of the smartest editors in the publishing business. It’s useful reading for anyone who wants to work in the book business, and essential for anyone who wants to be published. I heard about the book early on since my editor at the University of Chicago Press was of the people working on What Editors Do: The Art, Craft, and Business of Book Editing — or as the project was known internally, the one "edited by editors on how editors edit." The collection was commissioned by Mary Laur, a senior editor at the Chicago press, and...

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